Choose your screen resolution: Auto adjust 800x600 1024x768


An introduction to victorian writers gallery
Scris de administrator   
Joi, 08 Martie 2018 19:59

AN INTRODUCTION TO VICTORIAN WRITERS’ GALLERY

prof. Pălăştea Cornelia

C.N. ,,Elena Cuza”, Craiova

The importance of literature, not only in the history but also in the development of human civilisation, cannot be underestimated because literature is both a mirror that reflects the inner part of humans and a pathway towards a deeper understanding of all cultures and societies, and, at the same time, it can be seen as a source of personal pleasure and enrichment.

Key words: Victorian literature, life, fiction, characters

The period covers both British and American literature and culture during Queen Victoria’s long reign, 1837-1901. This was the brilliant age of Charles Dickens, the Brontës, Lewis Carroll, George Eliot, Robert Browning, Oscar Wilde, Robert Louis Stevenson, Thomas Hardy, Mark Twain – and many others. It was also the age of urbanization, steam power, class conflicts, Darwin, religious crisis, information explosion – and much more.

The major Victorian poets and novelists tended to make art of their experiences by reporting them obliquely. The great Victorian novelists found ways of engaging in life writing by blending elements of autobiography and biography into their fictions, notably into those novels that critics have called by the name Bildungsroman.

Charles Dickens, one the most popular Victorian novelist, was a passionate humanitarian who stirred the masses with his examples of the law’s stupid cruelty, many of his novels being animated by a sense of social injustice. He was the first novelist who fully depicted the gloom of urban decay and the negative consequences of the Victorian times. At the same time, all Dickens’ novels show touches of the comic genius which launched his literary career. Often farcical and caricatural, Dickens created innumerable and memorable characters in his novels.

Beginning with Dombey and Son, Dickens combined his gift for vivid caricature with a stronger sense of personality while in David Copperfield he used the form of fictional autobiography to explore the great Romantic theme of the growth and comprehension of self, and to criticise the education system for its unwillingness to develop creativity and imagination; social issues are addressed in almost all his novels, Oliver Twist and Nicholas Nickleby showing the cruel life of poor children in workhouses and orphanages; the consequences of delays in the justice system are dealt with in Bleak House and the evils of industrialisation are exposed in Hard Times; other two great novels, Great Expectations and Our Mutual Friend, involved the issues of social class and human worth.

Being influenced by the Aesthetic Movement whose main idea was that art was not meant to instruct or provide moral, social or political guidelines, but done for “for art’s sake”, Oscar Wilde applied the aesthetic ideals to all areas of his life.

Wilde’s collection of fairy tales, The Happy Prince and Other Tales, written with his tradition in mind, only to subvert the expectations, was considered as being done in an eloquent style, which overshadowed the bleak reality of stories; the next collections, Lord Arthur Savile’s Crimeand Other Stories, The Canterville Ghost and A House of Pomergranates, also show the talent of a master storyteller.

Although, firstly, considered by the Victorian society as being shocking and immoral, his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, was finally recognised as a fitting symbol for the immorality and hypocrisy of their society.

Oscar Wilde’s resurrection of the Comedy of Manners brought him the everlasting fame of his plays, through their social intrigues and artificial devices to resolve conflict, illustrating the author’s ability to mix farce, romantic comedy and social satire. Lady Windermere’s Fan, A woman of No Importance, An Ideal Husband, The Importance of Being Earnest mined for comedy the intricate rules of Victorian courtship and social interactions, his characters being used to scheme, lie and hide everything from themselves or each other, behind a veneer of Victorian manners.

Admired nowadays for his own rejection of the 19th century materialism and his ability to bring to his novel the dignity of high tragedy, Thomas Hardy’s novels are characterized not only by their varied and accessible style, but also by their admirable combination of romantic plots with unforgettable presented characters.

In the so-called ‘novels of character and environment’, Far from the Madding Crowd, The Mayor of Casterbridge, Tess of the d’Urbervilles, Jude the Obscure, Hardy wrote the tragic stories of his characters who were too powerless to fight against their adverse fate, depicting with grim realism the hard labour of the farmers, their endless and often unrewarded toil, and also offering the reader the opportunity to interpret the moods and the feelings of the characters with the help of the greatly detailed description of the rural settings.

Unfortunately, all of Hardy’s fiction reflects his deep feelings of pessimism, man not being able to fight against a malign fate which corrupts any possibility of happiness and leads him towards tragedy.

The Victorian novel remains the most accessible and most beloved form of “masterpiece”, being highly marked by social indicators: the novel of high society, or “silver fork” novel; the novel of lower-class and criminal life, or “Newgate” novel; the budding social-realist novel, focusing on factory and industrial-urban life; the novel of middle-class or “domestic” realism. The Victorian novel is, to use a favourite Victorian word, a very “curious” genre, one that both contains its own mysteries and refuses to conform to anyone’s ideas about it.

http://dir.yahoo.com/Arts/Humanities/Literature

http://classiclit.about.com/library

http://britannica.com

Denis Delaney, Fields of Vision, Editura Longman, Essex, 2003

 

Ultima actualizare în Duminică, 11 Martie 2018 20:18
 

Adaugă comentariu


Codul de securitate
Actualizează

Revista cu ISSN

Calendar bacalaureat 2013

Calendarul examenului de bacalaureat 2013   Ministrul educatiei a aprobat Calendarul examenului national de bacalaureat national pentru anul 2013. Afla care este calendarul pentru bacalaureat 2013, sesiunea iunie-iulie 2013 si sesiunea august-septembrie...

Read more

Studiu comparativ asupra evolutiei popul…

Studiu comparativ asupra evolutiei populatiei scolare dupa revolutie Romania judetul Brasov

STUDIU COMPARATIV ASUPRA EVOLUŢIEI POPULAŢIEI ŞCOLARE DUPĂ REVOLUŢIE ROMÂNIA – JUDEŢUL BRAŞOV     Prof. Geografie Constantin Mădălina Şcoala Generală Nr. 1 / Liceul Grigore Moisil Braşov   Educaţia, în genere şi mai ales cea formală...

Read more

Inscrieri Mirunette Language Competition

Inscrieri Mirunette Language Competition

Ultimele zile de inscrieri la Mirunette Language Competition! Castiga o tabara internationala de 2 saptamani in UK! Esti pasionat de cultura britanica? Visul tau este sa...

Read more

Conceptul de metoda de invatamant

CONCEPTUL DE METODĂ DE ÎNVĂŢĂMÂNT Profesor Nae Mihaela, Liceul Tehnologic „Constantin Brâncuşi”, Piteşti Un loc important în cadrul tehnologiei didactice îl ocupă strategiile didactice “respectiv un ansamblu de procedee...

Read more

Opiniile marilor oameni de cultura despr…

OPINIILE MARILOR OAMENI DE CULTURĂ DESPRE TRADUCERE   Octavian Horia MINDA Şcoala cu clasele I-VIII, Sanandrei, Timis     Traducerile au jucat şi continuă să joace un mare rol, fiind un important mijloc de comunicare în...

Read more

Francofonia in romania

FRANCOFONIA ÎN ROMÂNIA prof. Drăgian Ana-Elena Colegiul Tehnic ,,Constantin Brâncuşi’’ Oradea Momentul care marchează intrarea României în structurile internaţionale ale francofoniei, l-a constituit cea de-a IV-a Conferinţă a...

Read more

Abordarea didactica a textului nonlitera…

ABORDAREA DIDACTICĂ A TEXTULUI NONLITERAR   Profesor Muşat Liliana Liceul Teoretic Nicolae Cartojan Giurgiu   În articolul propus am enumerate tipurile de texte nonliterare utilitare şi distractive şi am exeplificat pentru fiecrea tip de text....

Read more

Reguli impuse copiilor

De ce trebuie să ţinem cont când impunem reguli copiilor?   Ce puteţi face pentru a evita „alunecările de teren” din viaţa de familie?     -         Fixaţi reguli adaptate vârstei copilului. -         Aveţi grijă ca...

Read more